What will it take to help more students graduate from college?
Federal leaders are considering that question and proposed college completion funding to provide services to people who may benefit from additional assistance during graduation. That group includes students from low-income families, students with disabilities, veterans, parents, who are the first in their families to attend college and ethnic minorities.
The solution aims to address the long-term problem of American higher education: more people start college within six years कि or rather than finish on time.
Accordingly, the national six-year college completion rate for students who started in the fall of 2014 was 60.1 percent 2020 report From the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center.
President Biden is mentioned in American Family Plan And Explained in more detail in the bill Introduced in mid-September by U.S. Senator Martin Henrik of New Mexico, the College Completion Fund Act will enable the U.S. Department of Education to provide शिक्षण 62 billion in grants to states and public colleges over a decade to develop plans to help students complete their college degrees. . This follows the re-introduction this summer Community College Student Success Act, Which will also pay for support services for students.
These proposals can help with the fact that colleges that offer the highest number of low-income students and color students The lowest financial resources tend to be. According to Pew Research Center“The rise of poor and minority graduates is evident in public two-year colleges and at least select four-year colleges and universities.” And the bill acknowledges the fact that other higher education policy proposals are currently on the table Freeing community colleges from tuition, May not be enough for some students to cross the finish line.
Special emphasis is placed on the new College Completion Fund Scheme presented by Sen. Henrik on “Evidence-Based Student Success Programs”. The bill clarifies that such policies may include coaching; Teaching; Mental health services; Child care; Help meet basic needs such as housing and food; Encouragement to keep students on track; And institutional improvements in the therapeutic learning and transfer process.
Many organizations have already had success in implementing these types of programs. For example, Georgia State University, which serves students of color and low income His degree rate improved By investing in a system of academic advice and predictive analysis that identifies struggling students. Of Accelerated Study in Associate Programs The intervention, developed by New York City University, has increased completion rates by providing students with in-depth advice, tutoring, tuition assistance, money for transportation, free textbooks and special course schedules.
Student support services are not the only tools colleges can use or they can help more students graduate. A set has been identified by the Association of American Colleges and UniversitiesHigh-impact educational methods“First-year seminars, teaching communities, undergraduate research opportunities, and service-learning programs show through research to improve students’ perceptions. Experts also report a set of common barriers to graduation that can be avoided if colleges change their methods. , Students have to pay small institutional loans like unpaid parking tickets before getting a diploma, and students must actively apply for a degree.
Research and advocacy organizations and colleges that have approved the College Completion Fund Act include higher education policy institutes, Third Way, Education Trust, America Forward, State Higher Education Executive Officers Association, Association of Public and Land-Granted Universities, New America Higher Education Program, Results for the United States, the Institute for College Access and Success, and the University of New Mexico.