A year ago, school closures and COVID-19 safety precautions imposed in the wake of the “first wave” of the epidemic affected almost all students. As delta types continue to grow across the United States and the number of cases is once again on the rise, some experts see a disturbing familiar scene emerge. This time, however, not all students face the same health risks.
Many children over the age of 12 are now vaccinated – although not all of them. Security measures such as masking and social distance have also become more politically polarized. The result is an unequal landscape: depending on the school, the age of their students, their geography and the political orientation of their community, they are facing different situations while trying to reopen for education individually.
“I think superintendents and their boards often have to come up with different approaches and then they’re counted with evidence,” said Brie Dussault, a practitioner-in-residence at the Center on Reinventing Public Education, about school reopening policies.
The biggest change is evident this summer and last year when schools are at risk of covid infection: access to vaccines for students 12 or older. That fact, along with the delta type – which is shown More contagious in young children Dan Domenek, executive director of the School Superintendents Association, says the reverse is how education leaders have preferred to reopen – rather than the original virus.
“Last year, the priority of bringing children back to school in person was with younger students as opposed to older students,” he says. “The situation is almost reversed because what we see now is a vaccine for older students, but no vaccine for primary school students yet.”
Masking and social distance can help reduce the spread, but the vaccine is the most effective way to reduce the spread of the virus, said Drs. Says Mario Ramirez. Severe cases of coronavirus in children are uncommon, but they are not heard, and children can still pass the virus to adults.
“The reasons we vaccinate children are not only for their own safety, but also for the safety of the entire herd,” says Ramirez. Although the CDC has not yet approved vaccines for children under 12, Ramirez thinks it would be beneficial to increase access to younger students.
Of course, although everyone can be vaccinated, it is unlikely to happen. By mid-July, the majority of adolescents are minors No dose of vaccine was received. According to Ramirez, eligible but not vaccinated children often live with adults who are not vaccinated. And most states do not allow minors to be vaccinated Without parental permission.
Exercise caution in restless years
These intricacies pierce through a wide range of art, especially towards reuniting young students. Research suggests that there were elementary school students Less likely to receive suggestions and feedback Than older students when studying remotely. They may have to face intense socio-emotional challenges.
“It’s been a difficult year for our students, and we know they’re going to need more socio-emotional support than any normal year,” says Nashwa McKee, principal of Beach Park, Howe Elementary School. They didn’t socialize, they didn’t come to school. “
This year, her school is dedicated to more time and socio-emotional development in teacher training. In an effort to reduce stress, they are trying to reduce some cowardly precautions in accordance with state and federal guidelines and help their students adapt. This is a trend Dussault notes are increasingly common throughout the US
Last year, the CDC advised schools to keep students six feet apart. This time the figure has dropped Three legs– The change McKee says makes a big difference, especially to young children who may struggle with physical distance.
She says, “We couldn’t keep all our kids in the building, because we couldn’t keep six feet. “But our priority this year is to make sure all our students are on site. And with a new three-foot distance guide whenever possible, it really enables us to get all our kids back into the building. And for me it’s too big. ”
Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during the post-secondary and post-secondary seasons. But given their familiarity with the Internet, the transition to online learning may be more intuitive. Young children, on the other hand, had to go through a major transition last year and may need to adapt. According to McKee, when her school resumes on August 18, many of her first-graders will never be in an individual class.
Navigating the political landscape
Dussault noted that while some schools have adopted new interventions, such as investing stimulus funds to renew the H-VAC system, national trends suggest that schools are taking a traditional approach to reopening plans. And, she says, in the autumn of 2020, masks are becoming more popular than you. Given the more aggressive nature of the Delta variant in particular, Remirez feels that this change could greatly increase the risk of transmission.
The political landscape of school districts dramatically shapes declining plans. Several states, including Florida, Texas and the Rizz region, have banned mask orders, and others have seen waves Protest against Kovid caution at school. When planning reopening for the fall, Dussault says district leaders often cannot ignore the political will of their communities.
“I think they’re also using stakeholder preference data, and you know in some parts of the country, [COVID safety measures] They have become so politicized that they are coming to the board meeting, ”she says.
Last year, she noted, states with conservative governments are likely to put more pressure to reopen schools. Now that most schools plan to start classes in person, they are emphasizing more liberal safety restrictions.
In order to effectively protect students, both young and old, education leaders need to find ways to overcome local community divisions and take measures to keep their communities safe. This process will not take place this fall, and may still take years, says Ramirez. At this point, merging school recovery and covid security is a fundamental cultural challenge.
“In this country, we don’t ask people much about your civic duties, right?” Says Ramirez. “It’s a new experience, where people are inevitably asked to buy collective goods. And there is an amazing resistance to that idea. But that is exactly what the vaccination campaign is all about. ”